X-ray, Radiology

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This method is based on the measurement of the response to high-speed pulses of hydrogenic nuclei present in the tissue of stable magnetic field. MRI allows you to examine all the internal organs of the human body.

 During the MRI patient is pulled into the cylinder, which is an electromagnetic field. The radio waves are sent to hydrogenic atoms of the body, making it possible for energy intake, the image comes to life on a computer screen and can be transferred to the X-ray film or photographic paper. MRI examination is completed between 20-40 minutes. MRI is used to evaluate the nervous system, bone marrow, muscle and joints and soft tissues. The advantage of this method lies in the fact that the patient is not exposed to radiation. The resulting image is considered to be clearer and more favorable from a diagnostic point of view.

MRI can detect changes in the brain, pituitary gland, eyeballs, neck, spine, spinal cord, organs of the chest, abdominal, pelvic organs, musculoskeletal system and soft tissues.

 

 

 

Computer Tomography

Computer tomography (CT) - a method of examination, based on the absorption by body tissues of varying degrees of X-rays. During a CT scan radiation source rotates around the table on which the patient lies, directed thin beam of rays passes through the object and is caught by a few X-ray detectors. In the process of imaging rays pass through the human body in several directions and are gathered by detectors. These detectors send this information to the computer, and the computer, in turn, depending on the degree of radiation absorption by tissues creates layering image and displays it on the monitor. Thus, registering the slightest changes in the absorption of rays it reflects them on the monitor that reveals small pathological processes.

CT scanner consists of a table and the round window (gantry) which table enters. On the surface of the window ring the radiation source (X-ray tube) is located on one side, and sensitive detectors on the opposite side. The patient lies on a table and the table is entered into a slowly revolving window. With one rotation of the window on the computer monitor slice of examined organ appears, measured in millimetres. Thus, a layered image of the body is received. The layer thickness is up to 0.3 mm, and receiving the slices takes 7-12 seconds.

In some cases: during the exam of vascular structures, tumors and their metastases, to obtain a more accurate image, and also during the evaluation of the functions of organs (liver, kidneys, etc) contrast agents may be used.

With this high-tech equipment timely and accurate diagnosis of central nervous system, chest organs, cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal tract, urogenital system, gynecological diseases, degenerative and destructive changes in blood vessels, spine, pelvis and the whole musculoskeletal system is conducted. CT is used to determine the localization and distribution of the pathological process in various organs and tissues of the body, to track the dynamics of various pathophysiological processes, select the approach and scope of surgery, perform a biopsy of tumors, evaluate the results of treatment.

 In early 2009, the most modern in the world CT scanner, manufactured by "Philips" was installed at the National Hospital (64-slice MDCT, multidetector or multislice computed tomography). The advantage of this device is that it allows the study of the heart. Previously, to visualize the state of the coronary arteries classic angiography was used - a method of inserting a catheter through the femoral artery (invasive). Despite informative, this method carries some risk and complications to the patient (hematoma, bruising, fibrillation). During the classical angiography cardio operation room must be in a ready state, so that in case of necessity it is possible to carry out the urgent surgical intervention. Then, for this study there is the need to transfer the patient to the hospital, to prepare him/her for observation and a few days after the observation to hold the the patient at the hospital. Now this process takes only 30 minutes and is performed on an outpatient basis.

The new scanner is equipped with a program "Package Heart View", provided for the study of the heart and coronary vessels. As this occurs: In order to determine the heart rate synchronized with the MRI on the body of the patient, special electrodes are fixed. 

Thus, in order to avoid artifacts that occur when the heart contracts, the optimal scanner mode is selected. The production of contrast fluid through the automatic injector in the cubital vein is started and the program, identifying private hemodynamics of the patient, creates the protocol of scanning. After this the command is given to hold your breath for 10-12 seconds, and multislice tomography system starts to scan the heart, and in that time, the thickness of the cut is less than 1 mm. Thus, the procedure of the study is completed in 10-15 minutes. During scanning, a huge amount of information is obtained for processing. This powerful, most advanced software scanner provides a 3D (three-dimensional) image of the heart and coronary vessels, to determine the presence of stenosis and occlusions, find small growths of calcium in the blood vessels, to analyze the anatomical features of the heart.

The most important thing is that in this study there is no need to place the patient at the hospital and conduct preparatory work, without any risk or cause of deterioration.

This method is able to obtain a comprehensive screening of coronary heart disease. It is indispensable for children's pathologies associated with a greater risk of catheterization. A major factor is that now everyone can explore the heart without a long arduous process of preparing and fear. This fear prevents the patient from seeing doctor in time, which subsequently leads to a deterioration in the next stages.

In addition to the above, this scanner was equipped with a number of unique programs which give volume, 3D (three-dimensional) image of all human anatomical structures, a special program "Dental", indispensable in dentistry and implantology, a measurement of the liver which is an extremely informative study of the density of the liver tissue and liver transplantation, and 3 phase (arterial, venous and parenchymal) dynamic research of the organs.
Interested parties may contact on all matters the radiology department of the Republican Hospital named A.N.Heydarov of MIA.

 X-Ray 

 

 X-ray examinations are carried out by a digital device "DuoDiognost Philips".

•    Chest roentgenoscopy and radiography.
•    Abdomen radiography and roentgenoscopy: stomach, duodenum and colon.
•    Roentgenoscopy and roentgenography of the skull, sinuses, cervical vertebrae.
•    X-ray examination of limbs (scopy and graphy)
•    Roentgenoscopy and roentgenography of vertebrate bones, sacral-coccygeal bones.
•    Roentgenoscopy of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, sacroiliac, knee, ankle, temporomandibular joints.
•    X-ray examination of the urinary system.
•    Fistulography